Stages of formation and development of the Coordinating Council for Emergency Situations of the CSTO Member States (hereinafter - ECC CSTO)
The Collective Security Treaty (hereinafter - the Collective Security Treaty) was signed on May 15, 1992 in Tashkent by the heads of six states - participants of the CIS: Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. In September 1993, Azerbaijan joined him, in December of the same year, Georgia and Belarus.
The treaty entered into force for all nine countries in April 1994 for a period of five years (without an “automatic” extension). In April 1999, six of them signed the Protocol on the extension of the Treaty (except for Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan).
By decision of the heads of the member states of the Collective Security Treaty (Moscow, May 14, 2002), the process of transforming the CST into a full-fledged international organization - the Collective Security Treaty Organization (hereinafter - the CSTO) was carried out.
The Charter and the Agreement on the legal status of the CSTO were signed in Chisinau on October 7, 2002, which have been ratified by all the member states of the Organization (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and since 2006, Uzbekistan, which left the Organization in 2012. ).
One of the main directions for the development of integration processes within the Collective Security Treaty Organization is activities in the field of prevention and mitigation of emergency situations, which is confirmed by the Declaration of the Member States of the Collective Security Treaty Organization adopted at the June (2006) session of the CSTO Collective Security Council .
The interaction of the CSTO member states in the field of prevention and liquidation of emergency situations has become a new direction of the Organization’s activities, which is carried out within the framework of the Coordinating Council for Emergency Situations of the CSTO Member States (hereinafter referred to as the ECC of the CSTO) October 2007.