By the decision of the Collective Security Council of the Collective Security Treaty Organization of December 20, 2011, in order to:
- improving the skills of rescue units of the CSTO member states in conducting search and rescue operations;
- working out issues of interaction in the implementation of their actions in emergency areas,
The status of the base training ground in the field of training rescue units of the CSTO member states has been given to the training camp “Rock City - Astana” of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan (currently the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan).
The main objectives of the baseline are:
the organization of vocational training and training of rescue units of authorized emergency agencies that are part of the Collective Rapid Reaction Force with a view to improving their skills;
preparation and holding of international gatherings, seminars and competitions on rescue all-round between rescue units of authorized bodies for emergency situations;
carrying out activities to ensure the livelihoods of students and participants in international gatherings, seminars and competitions in rescue all-round while developing skills for conducting rescue operations;
continuous improvement of the educational process through the introduction of new forms and methods of conducting rescue operations using modern rescue equipment, strengthening the material and technical base, ensuring the safety of property.
To implement these tasks, the base polygon carries out work in the following areas:
raising the qualifications of rescue units by organizing and conducting trainings, training sessions and rescue all-around competitions;
development of innovative pedagogical and information technologies for the accelerated learning of knowledge, methods, techniques and forms of training for rescue units, taking into account their professional activities, in normal and extreme conditions;
conducting research in the field of peacekeeping missions of rescue units of the CSTO member states;
coordinating the development and implementation of joint educational and research programs with relevant research organizations and educational institutions of the CSTO member states;
development of methodologies for advanced training of formations of special-purpose forces of bodies authorized in the field of prevention and liquidation of emergency situations from the composition of the CSTO Collective Rapid Reaction Forces when they carry out joint activities and objectives for the purpose;
conducting research on the implementation of measures to protect the population from the dangers arising from the conduct or resulting from hostilities, as well as the elimination of emergency situations and the provision of humanitarian assistance;
participation in joint educational and research programs of the CSTO member states.
Information on the training ground of the Emergency Situations Committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Rock City Astana"
The training ground of the Committee for Emergency Situations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Rock City Astana" is located in the Almaty region, 20 km from the city of Kapshagay, on the right bank of the Ili River. The size of the land is 322 hectares.
The terrain conditions of the Almaty region include 5 climatic zones - from deserts to mountain peaks. The climate is sharply continental, the average temperature is -15 С in January in the flat part, 6-8 С in the foothills; July - +16 C and +35 C, respectively. The annual precipitation on the plains is up to 300 mm, in the foothills and mountains - from 500-700 to 1000 mm per year.
The history of the creation of the site "Rock City - Astana" dates back to May 10, 1995. It was this year, on the basis of the order of the Committee for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan, for the first time, Kazakhstani rescuers held the first seminar-gathering at the Tamgaly Tas tract located in the Almaty region.
In 1997, teams from Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan took part in the training camp for the first time. In 2010, teams from China, Mongolia, Ukraine, Belarus, Germany and the United States participated. Representatives of NATO, UN, SCO, CSTO as observers. In subsequent years, rescuers from Azerbaijan and the People’s Republic of China participated in the competition.
The site is designed to improve the skills of the professional skills of specialists in emergency and other emergency work in natural and man-made emergencies, as well as for conducting annual regional, republican, (international) rescue unit seminars.
On the ground there are training places, including technical, mountain, high-altitude, water, airborne, chemical, physical, medical, dog training.
The training base of the landfill consists of the following distances:
~ Training places of the distance "Search and rescue work in the conditions of man-made accidents" include 6 stages: "Transport accidents", (road, rail, aviation), "Labyrinth", "Psychological preparation fire line", "Chemical accident", "Fort", "Mobile obstruction". Frequently occurring accidents are modeled at the training sites, where exercises are conducted to work out the actions of conducting rescue and other urgent work:
- training place “Transport accidents” (road, railway, aviation) - removing victims from transport using rescue tools and special equipment, evacuating them to safe places with first aid;
- “Labyrinth” training place - acquisition of skills for conducting search and rescue operations in confined spaces, working with rescue tools in darkened rooms in cramped conditions, assisting and evacuating the injured;
- training place “The fire strip of psychological preparation” - fire fighting in the residential sector is being worked out with the threat of their spread. The main line is being laid from the fire engine pump to the fire center and its liquidation;
- “Chemically Hazardous Object” training place - skills of conducting rescue operations in the area of chemical contamination (an accident at a chemical plant) with the use of protective equipment and rescue equipment, assistance and evacuation of victims
- training place "Fort" - a comprehensive development of skills for conducting search and rescue operations in the zone of destruction in smoke, with the use of rescue tools and equipment, assistance and evacuation of the victims;
- training place "Mobile blockage" - working out the skills of conducting rescue operations using small-scale mechanization and entrenching tools in cramped conditions, assisting and evacuating the victims.
~ The “Search and Rescue in the Natural Environment” distance consists of a rocky block with ups and downs, crossings, where various methods of evacuating victims in highlands are practiced. At some stages of the landfill, the height of the rocks is over 40 meters. The number of stages of the competition ground allows you to simultaneously start 10 teams participating in the competition. The width of the river in the area of the landfill is 200 m, a depth of 3-4 meters, which allows you to work out the methods and skills of driving small vessels, as well as methods of rescue of people in distress on the water and methods of crossing through water obstacles.
At 20 km from the landfill on the banks of the Kapchagai reservoir there is a training place for practicing the skills of conducting underwater, prospecting, technical and rescue and underwater orienteering. The water area is 600 m2, the depth is up to 12 meters. On the shore there are canopies for rest and installation of technological equipment, pressure chambers, compressors.
The infrastructure of the landfill allows you to take at an appropriate level international teams and units. During events at the landfill, uninterrupted Internet connections, mobile and radio communications are established. The capacity of the campground of the landfill is up to 1000 people. In the tent camp there are all the elements of life support: (dining room, field bath, bathrooms, washbasins, etc.), as well as there are capital buildings of three houses to accommodate controls.